Colon Cancer/Rectal Cancer Treatment
When tumorous growths form in the large intestine, colon cancer develops. It is now the third most common type of cancer.
The colon, also known as the large intestine, is where the body extracts water and salt from solid waste. The waste then passes through the rectum before exiting the body via the anus. Rectal cancer develops in the rectum, which are the last few inches of the large intestine closest to the anus.
Symptoms and signs of colon cancer
One or more of the following symptoms and signs may be present:
-constipation or diarrhoea
-Stool consistency changes, such as loose, narrow stools
-Blood in the stool can cause it to appear dark brown or black.
-The rectum is bleeding bright red.
-abdominal discomfort, cramping, bloating, or gas
-despite passing stools, persistent urges to defecate
-fatigue and weakness
-weight loss that is unexplained
-IBS (irritable bowel syndrome)
-Anemia from iron deficiency
Symptoms in Men
According to Research, male and female colon cancer symptoms are typically the same. Males may experience the above-mentioned symptoms.
Symptoms in Women
Females may exhibit the same symptoms as described above. Furthermore, menstruating women who have anaemia from colon cancer may have irregular menstrual cycles.
Although the exact causes of colon cancer are unknown, there are a number of potential risk factors.
Precancerous polyps that grow in the large intestine are a reliable source. If a surgeon does not remove some of these polyps during the early stages of treatment, they may develop into malignant colon cancer. Polyps are classified as follows:
Adenomas may look similar to the lining of a healthy colon, but they are not. They can develop cancer.
Polyps that are hyperplastic
Colon cancer is rarely caused by hyperplastic polyps, which are typically benign.
Uncontrolled cell growth can occur as a result of genetic damage or changes to DNA.
Most genetic mutations occur during a person’s lifetime, as opposed to inherited mutations from a family member.
Around 5–10% of colon cancers are caused by hereditary conditions that increase the risk of polyps, colon cancer, and possibly other cancers in some family members.
When should you see a doctor?
Consult cancer specialists about when to start screening for colon cancer. Colon cancer screenings should generally begin around the age of 50, according to guidelines. If you have other risk factors, such as a family history of the disease, your doctor may recommend more frequent or earlier screening.